In a new study, the researchers have figure out the source of new hope in the hunt for the steady supply of oxygen on the Red Planet with the help of a bacteria whose name is cyanobacteria. This bacteria family easily sucks the carbon dioxide and in return gives out oxygen in Earth’s inhospitable environments.
This new study was published in the journal Science which has linked to the tiny organisms and in the possibility of the human life on Mars. Cyanobacteria do this with the help of photosynthesis like plants. The use of photosynthesis to produce the energy and they can do this thing in fewer sunlight conditions too, and they need to grow the tomato plants. Scientists have found that these bacteria have been living in the deepest trenches in the ocean.
The main part of the photosynthesis is the chlorophyll chemical, and most of the plants along with other organisms can convert the visible light into energy with the help of chlorophyll. As per researchers, it has figured out that the cyanobacteria use a special kind of chlorophyll and chlorophyll-f and can convert far-red or near the infrared light energy.
These bacteria are said to be one of the largest groups of bacteria on Earth, and the organisms have been present in the world for about 2.5 billion years. These bacteria also present in places like Antarctica and the Mojave Desert. They can live in harsh conditions where they live and similar to those who are found on other planets.
The co-author of the study, Jennifer Morton said that this type of work redefines the minimum energy which is needed to light the drive photosynthesis and this type of photosynthesis can also be happening in the garden or under the rock. These bacteria can be sent to Mars to produce the oxygen for colonists in the future.