There is a steep rise in the emissions of the ozone-destroying chemical which has been banned around the world. In Montreal Protocol, an international agreement has taken in which they have decided to end the ozone-destroying chemicals known as Freon.
A new study by the scientists has found that the banned ozone-eating chemical is now rising steeply and it seems that someone has cheated and violated the agreement. A team of researchers which is led by Stephen Montzka of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration are tracking this CFCs rising and found that is CFC-11. CFC-11 is used as a refrigerant, propellant, and solvent and also help in the production of the Styrofoam.
The culprit should be found out to stop the ozone-eating chemical from affecting the ozone layer again. This will help in the recovery of the ozone layer again, which is an important layer which protects the life on Earth from damaging the UV radiation. The source of the new emission of the CFC-11 has been tracked to East Asia but the precise location is still not known, and for this, they need further investigation for the same.
The rise in CFC-11 has been first noticed by Stephen Montzka, who is the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Colorado. He said, “I have been doing this for 27 years, and this is the most surprising thing I’ve ever seen,” he said. “I was just shocked by it. We are acting as detectives of the atmosphere, trying to understand what is happening and why, When things go awry, we raise a flag.”
According to the Erick Solheim, who is the head of UN Environment said, “If these emissions continue unabated, they have the potential to slow down the recovery of the ozone layer. It’s therefore critical that we identify the precise causes of these emissions and take the necessary action.”
This study has been published in the journal Nature. The study shows that the detective work by the researchers has been started to assess the changes that are occurring in the atmosphere. They are looking for changes in how the atmosphere distributes the CFC-11 which destroy the ozone layer. In the year 2017, this factor has been ruled out by saying it has not played any role in this.
To prevent this and stop affecting the ozone layer of the earth, countries need to stop the illicit industrial activity that is occurring in the borders.