Image Source: NASA & ESA & Hubble & R. Jansen

Our whole universe was in a hot dense state, and then a big bang happened and a lot of bodies were formed which also included the planets that we know about today. But what we didn’t know about was the celestial bodies which were hiding far in our universe. The urge of finding the new bodies took scientists to their maximum level and ultimately astronomers and scientists cracked a lot of different objects which are situated in the deep universe and registered their names in the history. One of those names which are registered in history today is William Herschel. A German-born British astronomer who discovered a whole new galaxy back in 1786 and its name is NGC 1156. NGC 1156 is a galaxy which was found on November 13 in the year 1786. It is also called LEDA 11329, UGC 2455 and IRAS 02567+2502. This galaxy is situated in the constellation Aries which is 25 million light-years away from Earth. We have a lot of equipment today through which astronomers today are discovering different galaxies and bodies but the actual thing to think is that how Herschel discovered the galaxy so far from the Earth back then.

Image Source: J. Shuder

Well, NGC 1156 has some amazing neighbors too which are UGC 2684 and UGC 2716 and NGC 1156 is a galaxy which is less disturbed and is very sophisticated. The galaxy is not in a round shape as compared to the other galaxies as it is a dwarf irregular galaxy and is very small in size. The whole galaxy is mostly covered with stars. It is being believed that NGC 1156 must have some relationship with the other galaxies as there are some gas pockets which move in the opposite direction compared to the rest of the galaxy. Maybe the reason behind the opposite movement of the gas pockets is the gravity of the other galaxy due to which some of the gas pockets may behave differently than the usual manner. Hubble astronomers said, “NGC 1156 resembles a delicate cherry blossom tree flowering in springtime.

The many bright ‘blooms’ within the galaxy are in fact stellar nurseries — regions where new stars are springing to life. Energetic light emitted by newborn stars in these regions streams outwards and encounters nearby pockets of hydrogen gas, causing it to glow with a characteristic pink hue.” The Hubble Space Telescope celebrated fourth of July with a picture of the celestial fireworks with an image of Eta Carinae. It was discovered back in 1840 which makes this object the second brightest object in the sky. It was even used for the navigation but its stars faded by the time and now those stars are not even visible from the naked eye. The Hubble Telescope has been there in the orbit since a long time now and has given some amazing pictures over the time.


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