The Cassini orbiter has revealed many interesting things about the Saturn system. It also helps responsible for the discovery of water plumes which comes from Enceladus southern polar region. The discovery of the plumes has triggered the widespread debate about the existence of the life in the moon’s interior.
In a new study, the researchers who are from the University of Heidelberg, Germany has confirmed that the plumes have complex organic molecules and this time the complex organics have been detected the body which is other than Earth, and it bolsters the case for the moon which supports life.
The study has titled Macromolecular organic compounds from the depths of Enceladus. This study was published in the journal Nature, and it was led by Frank Postberg and Nozair Khawaja of the Institute for Earth Sciences at the University of Heidelberg. It also involves other members who are from the Leibniz Institute of Surface Modification (IOM), the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory with multiple Universities.
The analysis which has done by combing the imaging, magnetospheric and mass spectrometry data which indicated that the observed southern polar plumes which have emanated from the pressurized subsurface chambers. This study was confirmed by the Cassini mission in the year 2014, and they have proved the conducted gravity measurements which have indicated the existence of the south polar subsurface ocean of liquid water whose thickness is about 10 km.
The molecules that are detected during that mission is due to the result of the ejected ice giants which hit the dust-analyzing instrument which is abroad Cassini whose speed is about 30,000 Km/hour. The team now believes that they were the fragments of larger molecules which are present beneath the Enceladus icy surface. These large molecules are due to the result of the complex chemical processes, and it could be related to life.