In a recent finding, the researchers of the Ohio State University and Utrecht University in the Netherlands have identified a new pig virus. The recently identified pig virus can affect the people after it was tested in a lab and the result shows us that it can jump to the human body.
Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) was first seen in pigs present in China in the year 2012. In 2014, the first case of this disease was detected in the US, and this happened during a diarrhea outbreak among pigs in Ohio. The disease can cause vomiting and diarrhea in the young pigs and it is a very dangerous disease.
The pathogens which are related to this disease are responsible for SARS and MERS. This was a serious issue as the previous studies found out that SARS originated from bats and then spread to people. Like that, MERS is originated from camels, and then it spread to a human who comes in contact with infected camels. The virus can keep intact the cellular receptors of animals or human body cells which help the virus to jump from one species to another species.
The receptors present in body act like a lock present in the door. If the virus can bypass this lock system, then it can easily penetrate into the cell of a human and can gradually infect the person with its virus. This was explained by the Scott Kenney, who is the lead researcher and assistant professor of Veterinary Preventive medicine at the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Till now no human cases have been reported, but the possibility of some case may arise as the virus possesses the ability to jump to human.
According to the senior author Linda Saif, who is a professor of Veterinary medicine at Ohio State University and also an researcher at Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC) said, “We are very worried about the emerging coronaviruses, and we are worried that they will cause harm to animals and they may jump into humans.”
The research paper which is named as “Broad receptor engagement of an emerging global coronavirus may potentiate its diverse cross-species transmissibility” was published on May 14th in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Dr Linda Saif, who is the co-author of the paper, had highlighted the virus that is present in various birds.